Mapuche Wooden Mask
Hailing from the southwestern portion of Argentina is a relatively small group of native inhabitants known as the "Araucanos." This is the historical term coined by the early Spanish conquistadors (deriving from the word arauco meaning "clayey water"), but has generally fallen into disregard in favor of the term Mapuche which encompasses a bunch of different ethic groups that share a common heritage. This includes the Picunches, Huilliches, and the Moluche both in Argentina and Chile. Araucanian society is mostly agricultural and large extended-family based with a lonko (like a chief who was generally wealthier) leading the people.